Journal of Agricultural Big Data ›› 2021, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (3): 76-86.doi: 10.19788/j.issn.2096-6369.210308

Previous Articles    

The Development of Blockchain and Its Application in Agriculture

Huijuan Wang(), Qian Xu, Ailian Zhou(), Xiaohe Liang(), Nengfu Xie, Xiaoyu Li, Saisai Wu   

  1. Agricultural Information Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2021-06-20 Online:2021-09-26 Published:2021-12-22
  • Contact: Ailian Zhou,Xiaohe Liang;;


[Related Concepts]Blockchain is a decentralized, open and shared distributed database that has the characteristics of decentralization, high openness, anonymity, machine autonomy, anti-tampering, and traceability. [Current Research Status]At present, blockchain has become a leading technology to advance the development of countries worldwide and has been applied in many fields, including finance, education, and medical care. Its applications are continuously emerging, and China has now included it as part of the national technology strategy. Most of the available research literature on blockchain technology focuses on its development and application in the financial sector. Few studies have attempted a systematic review of the development process and characteristics of blockchain technology, and "blockchain + agriculture" is still in its infancy. [Summary of This Paper]This paper systematically combs the main development process of blockchain, divides it into four stages (origin of the technology, blockchain 1.0, blockchain 2.0, and blockchain 3.0), summarizes the main characteristics and development status of each stage, and discusses in depth representative cases of blockchain application in the agricultural sector. By combing the development process and analyzing the application cases, this paper explores the application potential of blockchain technology, summarizes new opportunities for blockchain in agriculture, and puts forward ideas for using blockchain technology in agriculture in China. [Prospect]The application of blockchain technology can effectively reduce information asymmetry, improve information transparency, reduce data storage costs, and contribute to the development of modern agriculture. To make blockchain technology more applicable to agriculture, we need to understand the problems and challenges that may arise in the future, while still devising targeted measures to promote the development of blockchain for the agricultural sector.

Key words: blockchain, smart contract, decentralization, agricultural blockchain, agricultural big data

CLC Number: 

  • G203