农业大数据学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (4): 87-93.doi: 10.19788/j.issn.2096-6369.220412

• 专刊——天敌昆虫数据资源 • 上一篇    

2018—2021年云南楚雄地区云南红梨等作物上瓢虫数据集

张文明1(), 黄传涛2(), 孙永海1, 侯开雄1, 鲁敏3, 王文静4, 飞从志1()   

  1. 1.云南省楚雄彝族自治州农业科学院,云南 675000
    2.中国农业科学院植物保护研究所,北京 100091
    3.云南省楚雄彝族自治州气象局,云南 675000
    4.云南省楚雄彝族自治州乡村产业发展中心,云南 675000
  • 收稿日期:2022-09-26 出版日期:2022-12-26 发布日期:2023-01-09
  • 通讯作者: 飞从志 E-mail:1790166124@qq.com;cxzzwm@163.com;1656769483@qq.com
  • 作者简介:张文明,男,本科,研究方向:农业科技推广;E-mail:cxzzwm@163.com|黄传涛,男,硕士在读,研究方向:害虫生物防治;E-mail:1790166124@qq.com|黄传涛,男,硕士在读,研究方向:害虫生物防治;E-mail:1790166124@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国农业科学院基本科研业务费(Y2022LM15)

A Dataset of Coccinellids in Yunnan Red Pear, etc Crops, Chuxiong Prefecture, Yunnan Province from 2018 to 2021

Wenming Zhang1(), Chuantao Huang2(), Yonghai Sun1, Kaixiong Hou1, Min Lu3, Wenjing Wang4, Congzhi Fei1()   

  1. 1.Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan 675000, China
    2.Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100091, China
    3.Meteorological Bureau of Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan 675000, China
    4.Rural Industry Development Center, Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan 675000, China
  • Received:2022-09-26 Online:2022-12-26 Published:2023-01-09
  • Contact: Congzhi Fei E-mail:1790166124@qq.com;cxzzwm@163.com;1656769483@qq.com

摘要:

云南省地处低纬高原,拥有丰富的生物多样性,堪称世界生物的标本库。楚雄州地处滇中腹地,位于滇南热区和滇西北高寒区生物交汇带,气候类型独特,囊括了从寒温带到热带7个农业气候类型,农业资源丰富,生物多样性程度高,优异天敌资源的储备富足。瓢虫作为云南地区重要天敌资源之一,在害虫生物防治领域有着巨大潜力。目前对楚雄农田环境中瓢虫等天敌资源的调查报道较少。文章研究从2018年起,连续4年对当地红梨园中的瓢虫发生情况进行监测,同时记录生境情况。通过人工调查与马来氏网收集昆虫相结合的方法,收集鉴定瓢虫共16个属30多个种。文章数据集提供了地方瓢虫资源的基础数据,为分析当地瓢虫的多样性、种群动态和发生规律提供依据,为有效利用当地农田天敌瓢虫的资源提供了支持。

关键词: 天敌, 瓢虫资源, 生物多样性, 楚雄

Abstract:

Yunan is located in a low-latitude plateau. With extreme high biodiversity level, Yunnan is often considered as a specimen library for the world. Chuxiong is located in the hinterland of central Yunnan, where is the biological convergence zone between the southern hot area and the northwestern frigid area. It has unique climate conditions, including seven agricultural climate types from the cold temperate zone to the tropical zone. It has rich agricultural resources, high biodiversity level and abundant resources of potential natural enemies. Coccinellids are important natural enemy resources in Yunan, with great potential in pest biological control. There are few investigations on natural enemy resources such as coccinellids in farmland in Chuxiong. In this study, the occurrence of coccinellids in the local red pear orchard was monitored for four consecutive years from 2018 to 2021, with habitat and climatic conditions also recorded. A total of 16 genera with at least 30 Coccinellidae species were recorded and identified, with manual survey and insect collection using Malaise trap. through the method of insect collection and manual investigation in Malaise trap. This dataset provides basic data on local coccinellid resources, which is a basis for analyzing coccinellid diversity, population dynamics, and occurrence pattern, and supports effective use of local natural enemy resources in agroecosystems.

Key words: natural enemy, Coccinellids resources, biodiversity, Chuxiong

中图分类号: 

  • S476