农业大数据学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (4): 3-9.doi: 10.19788/j.issn.2096-6369.210401

• 研究综述 •    下一篇

科学数据共享的知识产权保护研究

范亚慧1(), 朱亮1,2(), 赵华1,2, 郑建华1,2   

  1. 1.中国农业科学院农业信息研究所,北京 100081
    2.国家新闻出版署农业融合出版知识挖掘与知识服务重点实验室,北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2021-11-10 出版日期:2021-12-26 发布日期:2022-01-28
  • 通讯作者: 朱亮 E-mail:1320418629@qq.com;zhuliang@caas.cn
  • 作者简介:范亚慧,女,硕士研究生,研究方向:科学数据共享与管理; E-mail:1320418629@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国工程科技知识中心建设项目“农业专业知识服务系统”(CKCEST-2021-1-20);国家科技基础条件平台专项“国家农业科学数据中心子课题”(NASDC2021XM00-02)

Research on Intellectual Property Protection of Scientific Data Sharing

Yahui Fan1(), Liang Zhu1,2(), Hua Zhao1,2, Jianhua Zheng1,2   

  1. 1.Agricultural Information Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
    2.Key Laboratory of Knowledge Mining and Knowledge Services in Agricultural Converging Publishing, National Press and Publication Administration, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2021-11-10 Online:2021-12-26 Published:2022-01-28
  • Contact: Liang Zhu E-mail:1320418629@qq.com;zhuliang@caas.cn

摘要:

科学数据是信息时代最基本、最活跃的科技资源,科学数据共享是发展的必然趋势,实施科学数据共享可以节约社会资源,避免重复的劳动,还可以对现有的科学研究进行验证,具有重要的现实意义和迫切的社会需求。知识产权保护作为科学数据共享的前提,对促进科学数据的有序利用、为科技发展提供源源不断的创新发挥着十分重要的作用,是实现科学数据共享急切需要解决的根本问题。本文主要采用文献调研、对比分析等方法,对近年来国内外关于科学数据、知识产权主题相关文献进行分析,在总结我国科学数据共享的知识产权保护现状的基础上,挖掘科学数据共享和知识产权的关系,提炼出当前科学数据共享面临的知识产权保护存在的主要问题:数据产权以及归属的认定是科学数据共享应用权益分配的依据,目前,我国科学数据产权归属不清晰,缺乏公认的产权解决方案,缺少统一的政策引导、知识产权保护意识薄弱以及科学数据出版动力不足等。针对这些问题,提出了关于科学数据共享的知识产权保护对策:明晰科学数据产权归属、平衡各方主体利益;建立政府引导机制、全面发挥政府作用;推动科学数据出版、规范科学数据引用;创新科学数据共享的知识产权保护技术支持。以期构建良好的数据共享环境,保护数据生产者合法权益。

关键词: 科学数据, 数据共享, 知识产权, 对策

Abstract:

Scientific data is the most basic and active technological resources in the information era. Scientific data sharing is an inevitable trend of development. The implementation of scientific data sharing can save social resources, avoid duplication of labor, and verify existing scientific research. It has important practical significance and urgent social needs. As the premise of scientific data sharing, intellectual property protection plays a very important role in promoting the orderly use of scientific data and providing continuous innovation for the development of science and technology. It is the fundamental problem to be solved urgently to realize scientific data sharing. This paper mainly uses literature research, comparative analysis and other methods to analyze the relevant literature on scientific data and intellectual property rights at home and abroad in recent years. On the basis of summarizing the current situation of intellectual property protection of scientific data sharing in China, the relationship between scientific data sharing and intellectual property rights is excavated, and the main problems of intellectual property protection faced by scientific data sharing are extracted. The determination of data property rights and ownership is the basis for the distribution of rights and interests of scientific data sharing applications. At present, the ownership of scientific data property rights in China is not clear, and there is a lack of recognized property rights solutions. Lack of unified policy guidance, weak awareness of intellectual property protection and lack of motivation for scientific data publishing. In view of these problems, this paper puts forward the intellectual property protection countermeasures for scientific data sharing: clarify the ownership of scientific data property rights and balancing the interests of all parties; establish government guidance mechanism, and make the government fully functional; promote scientific data publishing and standardize scientific data citation; ensure the intellectual property protection technology support for innovative scientific data sharing. In order to build a good data sharing environment, we should protect the legitimate rights and interests of data producers.

Key words: scientific data, data sharing, intellectual property, countermeasures

中图分类号: 

  • D923.49