农业大数据学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (2): 24-30.doi: 10.19788/j.issn.2096-6369.210203

• 专刊——农业科学数据采集方法研究 • 上一篇    

农业大数据信息平台构建方法初探

李强1,2(), 高懋芳1,2(), 方莹3   

  1. 1.中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所,北京 100081
    2.农业农村部农业遥感重点实验室,北京 100081
    3.商丘师范学院信息技术学院,商丘 476000
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-15 出版日期:2021-06-26 发布日期:2021-08-31
  • 通讯作者: 高懋芳 E-mail:liqiang@caas.cn;gaomaofang@caas.cn
  • 作者简介:李强,男,博士研究生,研究方向:农业定量遥感;E-mail: liqiang@caas.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42042005);河南省重点研发与推广专项——天空地一体化的河南省大田作物土壤墒情监测平台研发(202102110275)

Research on the Construction of the Agricultural Big Data Information Platform

Qiang Li1,2(), Maofang Gao1,2(), Ying Fang3   

  1. 1.Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
    2.Key Laboratory of Agricultural Remote Sensing, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100081, China
    3.School of information and technology, ShangQiu Normal University, ShangQiu 476000, China
  • Received:2021-05-15 Online:2021-06-26 Published:2021-08-31
  • Contact: Maofang Gao E-mail:liqiang@caas.cn;gaomaofang@caas.cn

摘要:

农业大数据信息平台是整合现代农业技术生产、经营管理经验,运用农业大数据、物联网等多项高新信息技术成果,以实现我国农业产业的信息化、数字化、智能化的综合系统。大数据是我国现代农业建设的重要驱动力量,在政策引导下使用高新技术实现智慧农业的发展是当今农业发展的主题。本文综述了数字农业应用大数据网在信息平台中的构建基本方法与具体实施对策建议,针对数字农业、农业大数据的基本特点,揭示其科学内涵,阐述农业大数据信息平台中的核心技术功能,探讨建立数字时代农业应用标准规范,提出多种数据采样管理策略,组合为农业信息网络中的分布式数据结构及一个模块化的数字农业动态数据采集管理平台,实施精确的数据变量采集管理控制措施,实现低成本投入、高效率、可持续的数字农业动态数据采集生产。结合我国数字农业发展特点构建大数据信息平台是当今世界农业发展的最新趋势,发展农业信息采集技术与方法对于推进我国农业高质量发展、建设数字农业、抢占全球农业制高点具有重要意义。

关键词: 农业大数据, 信息采集, 数据管理, 农业遥感, 数据采集, 科学数据采集

Abstract:

[Concepts]The agricultural big data information platform is a comprehensive system that collects data from agricultural production experiences to realize the informatization, digitization and intelligence of an agricultural industry using modern technologies such as big data and the Internet of Things. [Current Research Status] Big data is pushing forward the construction of modern agriculture in China. A key theme of agricultural development is the use of high technology, guided by policy, to develop intelligent agriculture. [Summary]The construction method and proposed implementation for the agricultural big data information platform are reviewed. In this exercise, we address the characteristics of agricultural big data, describe the core functions of the agricultural big data platform, and explore standard specifications of digital agriculture. We also propose various sampling strategies, combined with a distributed information network and modular agricultural data collection platform. The goal is to implement precise variable management measures to yield low-input, high efficiency, and sustainable agricultural data production. [Outlook]In China, there is currently a strong focus on enhancing agricultural productivity through using digital approaches and big data information platforms. The development of agricultural information collection technologies and methods is important for promoting high-quality agricultural development in China, building digital agriculture, and becoming globally recognized in the agricultural sector.

Key words: agricultural big data, information collection, data management, agricultural remote sensing, data acquisition, scientific data acquisition

中图分类号: 

  • G203